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Construction of a hand-knotted rug

The process of hand-weaving is an extremely delicate and specialized task with multiple complicated steps. Aspiring artisans train for years and years to achieve any level of expertise. Even then, subtle variation is the work of different artisans contributes enormously to differences in the carpets made. That’s the beauty of hand-made things. Each piece has its own individual character and uniqueness.


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There are many individual components to carpet construction and in order to understand them fully you need to be familiar with a few basic concepts:
 
Warp
These are threads that form the foundation of carpets. They are the strands that stretch vertically across the loom over which the carpet is formed. Once the carpet is completed, the ends of the warp are used to make the fringe.
 
Weft
These are the threads that run horizontally through the warp strands. They are usually of the same material as the warp and serve the purpose of ensuring that the knots lie in a straight line and that the carpet is strong. Wefts can be seen from the back of a carpet.
 
Knot
This refers to thread that is tied around two side by side weft strands and then the ends are pulled outwards to form the pile of the carpet. The knots used to make a carpet can either be the Turkish knot or the Persian knot. A Turkish knot is symmetrical whereas a Persian knot is asymmetrical. A Turkish knot is more complicated than the Persian knot and also far stronger. The more number of knots a carpet has the better quality it is. Carpet quality is measured by measuring its knots per square inch.
 
Selvedge
These are the simple wrappings of material along a thread of weft. This is usually done on the edges of the carpet being constructed to give a finished touch to the edges. 
 
Fringe
These are the loose fibers on the endings of a carpet that are usually a continuation of the warp threads that are then tied together to secure the carpet and eliminate the risk on unraveling.
 
Kilim
These refer to the pile-less weft threads running through warp. They can be incorporated into pile rugs in the area between the end of the carpet and the beginning of the fringe. They also can be made in the form of a complete rug without pile. Such rugs are also called kilims or kelims.
 
The process of carpet making starts with the selection of material to use such as wool, or silk or cotton. The chosen fiber, mostly Wool, is then dyed using either natural vegetable dye or chemical dyes. During dyeing the wool is checked repeatedly so that the dyers know when the color they desire has been achieved. Once the desired color is achieved, the material is  dried in the sunlight.  After drying, it is coiled in preparation for use in weaving. This pad text is synchronized as you type, so that everyone viewing this page sees the same text.  This allows you to collaborate seamlessly on documents!
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