A Brief introduction and history of Bokhara Rugs - Alrug

What Actually a Bokhara Rug is!

In popular culture, the term Bokhara is commonly used to define Tekke-faced rugs. Tekke name is derived from a tribe living Bokhara, a famous and renowned city in Central Asia. Rows of guls and encircled geometric patterns are the main feature of the design. It is also said that the Tekke tribe has indulged some design pattern that of the Salor tribe, a famous vicinity within Bokhara region. According to some well-reputed historians, Tekke tribe had once conquered the Salor tribe, and thereafter a natural amalgamation in being done in the design pattern accordingly. And as of today "Bokhara" designed rugs are made across the carpet-weaving world, including many countries like Pakistan, Iran, India, Turkey, Afghanistan, and Central Asia, and more.

In this particular blog some famous "Bokhara” are mentioned as under:

Now, let's discuss them one by one as follows:

Pakistani Bokhara:

"Pakistani Bokhara" is a modern Tekke-faced rug that is made in Pakistan. Interestingly, these are among one of the most reputed handmade rugs in the world. With the help of a particular blend of NZ worsted and local Pakistani wool based on cotton, the Pakistani Bokhara has a quite soft and thick pile. Clipping of the particular rug is the key factor that the length of the pile depends upon. This is the reason that many times the pile is deliberately left significantly longer, called "double-pile". And as a result, an extra thickness and depth are yielded at the end of the day. However, one must understand there is a consequent trade-off with the clarity of the pattern. The clarity of the design is pretty much obvious as it is a single pile rug. Particularly, the knot used is commonly referred to as "single knot" as far as Pakistan is concerned.

Salient features of “Pakistani Bokharas” are the different qualities as well as their availability in a wide range of colors, accordingly. Just like most handmade contemporary rugs, the dyes are synthetic and guaranteed. The top-quality piece with 242 KPSI is the particular Bokhara with the left to be displayed on.

And on the right, one can see another variation of the Bokhara design. This is surely the “Butterfly Bokhara” a particular design that is referred to. Using high-quality wool, This rug is a very fine quality piece too. 

In short, the Pakistani Bokharas are very popular for their luxurious feel, their soft, bit heavy pile, nice-looking colors and appearance, and for their affordability.

Central Asian Bokhara

The ancient city of Bokhara in Central Asia is still producing Tekke-faced rugs made by weavers, although these are quite hard to find.

Technically speaking, these rugs are usually made by nomads on horizontal transportable looms with a different weave in comparison to Pakistani Bokharas. And these are generally based on the Senneh knot ( that is referred to as "double knot" in Pakistan). Comparatively, the wool pile of the rugs is far shorter than Pakistani Bokharas. Also, the design is a bit more complex requiring a higher density of knots. Surprisingly, the colors of the Central Asian Bokharas are also mostly rust, red, and brown. Contrary to Pakistani Bokharas, where the cotton bases are the main feature, the Central Asian Bokharas tend to use a principally wool base. Synthetic dye, as well as a vegetable dye, can be found in Central Asian Bokharas. Anyhow, these are famous for their beauty, high quality, and durability.

Leave a comment

Please note, comments must be approved before they are published