Shirvan is one of the principal weaving areas of the Caucasus stretching from the central east coast some 400 km inland and encompassing towns which produce particular design variations common to the Shirvan group. These include Bidjov, Marasali, Khila, Surahani, Baku and Saliani. Rugs from the Shirvan area are characterized by decorative elements in dense arrangements. The Shirvan rugs are noted as being some of the finest rugs from Caucasian. They are usually thin and densely knotted. The warp threads are usually light and undyed brown sheep's wool spun together. The elements often are separated by small areas of color, producing a mosaic effect. Typically appearing on the main borders are serrated leaves, horizontal-S motifs, rosettes and a unique design of hooked triangles.
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